Эрүүл мэнд, спорт “Хорт хавдраас урьдчилан сэргийлэх 50 дадал” Зөв хооллолтын дадал 12
  • 2016/04/22
  • 167
  • 13

Дадал 12. Түлэгдсэн мах, загас болон хүнсний нэмэлт амт оруулагчаас зайлсхийх.

 Түлэгдсэн мах, загасны харласан хэсэгт олон тооны хавдар үүсгэгч бодис агуулагддаг байна. Жишээ нь, махыг өндөр температурт шарснаар үүсэх “гетероциклик амин” (heterocyclic amine: HCA) гэх химийн нэгдэл нь амьтан дээр хийсэн туршилтаар хавдар үүсгэх шинж чанар нь тогтоогджээ.

Үүний адилаар түлэгдсэн хэсэгт үүсэх “полициклик үнэрт нүүрсустөрөгч” (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon:PAH) хэмээх бодисыг нэрлэж бас болж байна. Энэ бодис л гэхэд ДЭМБ (Дэлхийн Эрүүл Мэндийн Байгууллага)-аас гаргасан “Хорт хавдар үүсгэх хамаарлын талаарх ШУ-ны үндэслэл дээр тулгуурласан үнэлгээ (2003)” гэх тайланд биедээ авснаар хорт хавдар үүсэх нь “нотолгоо хангалтгүй боловч боломжтой” гэсэн ангилалд багтжээ.

Үүнээс үзэхэд мах, загас зэрэг уургийн харлатлаа түлэгдсэн хэсгийг ерөнхийдөө идэхгүй байх нь аюулгүй аж. Гэхдээ хавдар үүсгэх боломжтой гэгдсэн ойлголт нь тэр чигтээ түлэгдсэн махтай таваг хоолыг удаа дараа идэх зэрэг “их хэмжээтэй” холбогдсон асуудал юм шүү. Мэдээж түлэгдсэн хоолыг тэгж идэх хүн байхгүй биз. Тиймээс өдөр тутмын хоолны ширээн дээрээ тэгтэл нь ач холбогдол өгч, айж цэрвэх хэрэггүй ээ.

Пад хар болтлоо түлэгдсэн махыг ум хумгүй идэх хүн бараг байхгүй гэж бодож байгаа ч, ер нь бүр нэг ухаа хүрэн болтол нь шарж орхихгүй байх явдал нь бас хорт хавдар үүсэх эрсдлийг багасгахад нөлөөтэйгөөс гадна, бусад талаар ч биед сайн шүү. Баруунд шарсан мах буюу стэйкийг ягаавтар улаанаар нь бүр бага зэрэг шүүрхийгээр нь галаас гаргаж хүртдэг нь бас учиртай юм шиг байгаа юм.

Мөн хүнсний бүтээгдэхүүний үйлдвэрлэл, тээвэрлэлтэд хэрэглэгддэг зарим нэмэлт бодис, амтлагчид хорт хавдар үүсгэх магадлал хийгээд өөр бусад сөрөг үр дагаврууд байдаг болох нь тогтоогджээ. Жишээлбэл, хоолны дэглэмийн зориулалттай ундаа болон хүнсэнд хэрэглэгддэг хиймэл чихэр орлуулагч болох аспартэйм (aspartame: APM) нь тэдний нэг. Аспартэйм нь элсэн чихрээс даруй 200 дахин их чихэрлэг амтыг агуулдаг учраас, элсэн чихэр ашигласнаас даруу 200 дахин бага хэмжээ эзлэх тул “калори 0” гэж рекламдсан ундаа, хүнсний бүтээгдэхүүн, мөн чихрийн шижингийн эмчилгээний бүтээгдэхүүн зэргийн найрлагад орох нь элбэг боловч, бөөрний хэвийн үйл ажиллагааг алдагдуулах, эрэгтэйчүүдийн үргүйдлийн шалтгаан болох эр бэлгийн эсийн бууралтын шалтгаан болох зэрэг сөрөг муу талууд нь илрээд байгаа юм.

Түүнээс гадна “замын хар” суурьтай өнгө оруулагч бодисын хувьд түүхий эд нь нефть бөгөөд, бага хэмжээгээр хэрэглэхэд л жигд сайн өнгө оруулж чаддаг байна. Үүн дээр нэмээд бусад өнгө оруулагч бодис, мөөгөнцөр устгах бодис, үл исэлдүүлэгч бодис, цайруулагч бодис зэрэг ч хавдар үүсгэх магадлалтай болох нь тогтоогдоод байгаа тул сайтар анхаарах хэрэгтэй байна.

Иймд энэ мэт бодисуудаас болгоомжлохын тулд хүнсний бүтээгдэхүүний шошгон дээрх найрлага, агууламжийг сайтар шалгаж аюултай бодис орсон байвал худалдаж авахгүй байх хэрэгтэй. Эцэст нь дээр дурдсан шиг хүнсний нэмэлт бодис, амтлагчийг хэрэглэхгүй байх нь өөрөө өөрийгөө хамгаалах хувийн арга хэмжээ болох тул сайтар анхааралдаа авч үзээрэй гэж зөвлөе.

Хирашима Тэцүро “Хорт хавдраас урьдчилан сэргийлэх 50 дадал” номоос.

 

Э.Өнөболд
Тохокү ИС, Инженерийн факультет, Электроник М2
2016.04.22

Сэтгэгдэлүүд ( 13)

  • harden shoes - 2018/11/03

    I simply had to appreciate you once more. I do not know what I could possibly have undertaken without the points revealed by you over that area. This has been a very terrifying problem in my view, nevertheless looking at a new professional strategy you resolved the issue forced me to cry with gladness. Now i am thankful for your service and thus trust you really know what a powerful job you have been doing teaching others through your webblog. I know that you've never encountered any of us.

  • adidas flux - 2018/11/03

    I wanted to put you one tiny word to help say thanks a lot the moment again over the pleasant principles you've featured in this case. This has been so unbelievably open-handed of people like you to make without restraint exactly what most of us would've offered as an ebook to end up making some bucks for their own end, and in particular since you might well have done it in the event you desired. These principles also served as the great way to fully grasp some people have a similar dream like my own to know the truth more and more with regards to this condition. I am sure there are several more pleasurable situations in the future for many who find out your website.

  • nmd - 2018/11/02

    I wish to express appreciation to you for bailing me out of such a instance. As a result of scouting through the search engines and finding tips which are not helpful, I was thinking my life was over. Living devoid of the approaches to the difficulties you've resolved by means of your article content is a critical case, as well as those that could have in a wrong way damaged my career if I hadn't discovered your website. That skills and kindness in maneuvering all the details was excellent. I am not sure what I would have done if I hadn't come across such a point like this. I can also at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks for your time so much for this high quality and result oriented guide. I won't think twice to refer your blog post to anybody who would need assistance on this area.

  • air force 1 - 2018/11/02

    Thanks so much for providing individuals with an extremely splendid possiblity to discover important secrets from this web site. It really is very awesome and also jam-packed with a good time for me and my office friends to visit your website minimum thrice weekly to see the newest secrets you have. And definitely, I am actually pleased concerning the astonishing concepts you give. Selected 3 facts in this article are rather the most impressive we have all had.

  • converse outlet - 2018/10/31

    I wanted to post you the little bit of observation so as to thank you over again for those precious information you have contributed on this site. It is quite tremendously generous of you to deliver freely what numerous people could have offered for sale for an e book to get some dough for their own end, particularly since you might well have done it in the event you desired. These basics as well worked like a fantastic way to realize that some people have similar dreams like my personal own to know the truth a lot more with respect to this matter. I'm sure there are many more pleasant instances in the future for those who see your website.

  • michael kors outlet store - 2018/10/30

    I enjoy you because of each of your efforts on this web site. Gloria really likes getting into investigations and it's simple to grasp why. We all hear all of the dynamic way you offer rewarding ideas on this website and as well inspire participation from other ones on the subject matter and our own princess is now studying a lot of things. Take advantage of the rest of the new year. You're the one performing a very good job.

  • yeezy - 2018/10/30

    I in addition to my buddies appeared to be looking through the nice key points located on your web page and all of a sudden I had a horrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to the site owner for those strategies. Most of the young men are actually so warmed to read them and have in truth been using them. Thanks for truly being really considerate and for deciding upon variety of exceptional issues millions of individuals are really eager to discover. Our honest regret for not expressing gratitude to sooner.

  • tory burch outlet - 2018/10/29

    I precisely needed to thank you so much once again. I am not sure the things that I would have undertaken in the absence of the type of basics revealed by you relating to that question. Entirely was an absolute troublesome issue for me personally, however , encountering this well-written form you resolved the issue forced me to weep for happiness. I'm just happier for this guidance and in addition hope you find out what a powerful job that you are providing teaching the others through a blog. I am sure you haven't met all of us.

  • Adidas NMD x YEEZY 350 Black White - 2018/10/28

    I intended to write you one very little word just to say thanks yet again with your precious solutions you have featured in this article. It has been pretty open-handed with you to give easily what many individuals might have sold for an e book in making some money for themselves, especially now that you might well have done it if you desired. Those tactics as well worked as a easy way to know that other individuals have similar dreams like my own to learn a little more when considering this problem. I am certain there are thousands of more enjoyable periods ahead for people who look into your blog.

  • goyard handbags - 2018/10/28

    Thank you so much for providing individuals with a very breathtaking possiblity to read in detail from this blog. It is often very fantastic and jam-packed with a good time for me and my office colleagues to visit your blog a minimum of thrice in one week to learn the new guidance you will have. And definitely, I am also at all times amazed for the powerful guidelines you give. Certain 4 points on this page are surely the most suitable I've had.

  • moncler outlet - 2018/10/27

    Needed to put you this little bit of note to be able to say thanks a lot once again on the stunning ideas you've contributed on this site. It is simply seriously generous with you to give unreservedly what exactly a number of us could have made available for an e-book in order to make some bucks for themselves, particularly given that you might have tried it in the event you decided. These points likewise served as the easy way to fully grasp other individuals have similar dream similar to my very own to understand somewhat more on the topic of this issue. I am sure there are many more fun situations ahead for folks who look over your blog post.

  • off white shoes - 2018/10/26

    Thank you for all your effort on this web page. Kim delights in doing internet research and it's really easy to understand why. My partner and i notice all concerning the compelling ways you convey both interesting and useful strategies on the web blog and therefore boost participation from some others on that article and our favorite daughter is without a doubt discovering a whole lot. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. You're the one performing a first class job.

  • air yeezy - 2018/10/25

    I just wanted to compose a simple message to express gratitude to you for some of the stunning facts you are sharing here. My rather long internet look up has at the end of the day been recognized with reputable details to go over with my friends and family. I 'd state that that most of us site visitors are undeniably endowed to live in a fine website with very many marvellous professionals with insightful suggestions. I feel very privileged to have encountered your website page and look forward to many more cool times reading here. Thanks a lot once again for a lot of things.

Санал болгож байна

© 2018 | Ихнүдэн